A cardiac picture archiving and communication system (Cardiac PACS) is a medical imaging technology which provides economical storage
and convenient access to images from multiple modalities (source machine types).
Electronic images and reports are transmitted digitally via Cardiac PACS; this eliminates the need to manually file, retrieve, or transport film jackets.
The universal format for Cardiac PACS image storage and transfer is DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine). Non-image data, such as scanned documents, may be incorporated using consumer industry standard formats like PDF (Portable Document Format), once encapsulated in DICOM.
A Cardiac PACS consists of three major components: The imaging modalities such as X-ray plain film (ANGIO), cardiac ultrasound (US) and intravascular ultrasound imaging system (IVUS), a secured network for the transmission of patient information, workstations for interpreting and reviewing images, and archives for the storage and retrieval of images and reports.
Combined with available and emerging web technology, Cardiac PACS has the ability to deliver timely and efficient access to images, interpretations, and related data.
Cardiac PACS breaks down the physical and time barriers associated with traditional film-based image retrieval, distribution, and display.
The difference between a general PACS and cardiac PACS is that a cardiac PACS is motion image which shows the movement of heart and general PACS is a high a still image with high resolution. Therefore, a cardiac PACS shows a motion image which each image contains a small volume, but one motion image is structured with many images.
In other side, a general PACS’s each still image contains a large volume, which shows a patient’s medical image with specific details.